I found article how to install it on Windows 7 and several Stack Overflow questions. But even following these instructions I couldn't get it working on my Windows 8.1 machine.
The reason for failure is that JSDOM has dependency on contextify module and this is Node's C module. To install it you have to build it with C/C++ compiler and cross-platform tool - node-gyp provides compilation service. But node-gyp still needs compiler to run and on Windows it is Visual Studio C++. On Windows 7 there are two choices - Visual Studio 2010 and Visual Studio 2012 C++ compiler, but on Windows 8 it works only with Visual Studio 2012 C++ and you must not have Visual Studio 2010 installed (any version, even Shell).
So prerequisites for JSDOM (and any other C module) on Windows 8 are:
- Node.js - >= 0.8.0
- Python - >= 2.7.3 and < 3.0.0
- Visual Studio 2012 C++ (Windows Desktop also can be used)
- Visual Studio 2010 must not have been installed